The duo had risen to fame two years prior with the albums Sounds of Silence and Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme and the soundtrack album for the film The Graduate.
Bookends is a concept album that explores a life journey from childhood to old age. Side one of the album marks successive stages in life, the theme serving as bookends World Of Oz* - King Croesus / Jack the life cycle.
Side two largely consists of unused material for The Graduate soundtrack. Simon's lyrics concern youth, disillusionment, relationships, old age, and mortality. Much of the material was crafted alongside producer John Simon no relationwho joined the recording when Paul Simon suffered from writer's block.
The album was recorded gradually over At The Zoo - Simon & Garfunkel - Bookends period of a year, with production speeding up around the later months of Initial sales for Bookends were substantial in the US, and the album produced the number-one single " Mrs.
Robinson ". The album sold best in the US and in the United Kingdom, where it peaked at number one. Bookends was considered a breakthrough for the duo, placing them on the same level as artists such as the BeatlesBob Dylan and the Rolling Stones at the forefront of the cultural movement in the s.
The album has continued to receive critical acclaim. Following another release, Sounds of Silencethe duo recorded and released Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thymewhich brought new critical and commercial success to the duo. Simon, then 25, felt he had finally "made it" into an upper echelon of rock and roll, while most importantly retaining artistic integrity "making him spiritually closer to Bob Dylan than to, say, Bobby Darin ", wrote biographer Marc Eliot.
During the sessions for Parsleythe duo cut " A Hazy Shade of Winter " and decided to release it as a single then, where it peaked at number 13 on the national charts. Meanwhile, director Mike Nicholsthen filming The Graduatehad become fascinated with the duo's past two efforts, listening to them nonstop before and after filming. Davis viewed it as a perfect fit and envisioned a best-selling soundtrack album.
However, after meeting Nichols and becoming impressed by his wit and the script, he agreed to write at least one or two new songs for the film. The duo offered another new song, which later became " Mrs. Robinson ", that was not as developed. Nichols loved it. Bookends was recorded in fits and starts from to John Simon's first session with the group was for " Fakin' It " in June The record's brevity reflects its concise and perfectionistic production.
The team spent over 50 studio hours recording "Punky's Dilemma", for example, and re-recorded vocal parts, sometimes note by note, until they were satisfied. The team's working At The Zoo - Simon & Garfunkel - Bookends is built upon listening to each other, asking advice, taking it, building each other's morale. Though it's obvious they enjoy working with John Simon, the last word seems to come from one partner to the other [ Time passes. Too much time. Too little headway [ Work on Bookends slowed by the beginning of the new year, with John Simon's departure from Columbia.
The " Bookends Theme " that opens and closes side one is played on the acoustic guitarwith no additional instruments. The song "America" explores the search of meaning in the life of a young adult. Horns and other instruments are added when the duo cease singing, creating a At The Zoo - Simon & Garfunkel - Bookends that builds to a single high, sustained note on the strings. Side two consists of miscellaneous unrelated songs unused for The Graduatewith many N.R.Y.Y.* - Melancholy In The Dark (File) a more rock-based Das Singen - Various - Krawmbl - Ä Tribut Tuse Abstürzende Brieftauben than the unified folk songs that precede it.
They weren't well recorded. Robinson " opens with an "instantly recognizable" pop rock guitar hook that carries throughout the track.
The first verse consists only of syllables—"dee-dee-dee" and "doo-doo-doo"—that form stable harmonic foundation. According to disc jockey and author Pete Fornatalethe album perhaps shares thematic qualities with another concept albumthe Beatles' Sgt.
Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Bandreleased ten months prior. Pepper was notable for sonically colorful, psychedelic shapes, Bookends is starkly contrasted by moody, "black-and-white and gray" sounds. Pepper's in a interview, commenting, "We were terribly impressed, and that shone a light on the path that led to Bookends. He felt the drug had a negative effect and caused him to "retreat more into myself. He attributed "the pain that comes out in some of the songs is due to the exaggeration of being high.
Bookends contains many of Paul Simon's At The Zoo - Simon & Garfunkel - Bookends themes, including "youth, alienation, life, love, disillusionment, relationships, old age, and mortality". Simon, "feeling especially auteurist in the Dylan style of the day", had planned out the album's concept before he began writing, telling Garfunkel "I'm going to start writing a whole side of an album—a cycle of songs. I want the early ones to be about youth and the last song to be about old age, and I want the feel of each song to fit.
According to James Bennighof, the song "deals with individual crises in crowded urban settings, along with references to larger societal forces and at least a hint of some transcendent perspective". It improbably takes an "abrupt left turn" in its third verse, when the singer begins to Elhagyni téged - Tópartiak - Ma este himself an admired soldier.
Robinson " collects wide-ranging images to address social milieu, with a constant reassurance that Jesus loves the eponymous character, God will bless Vissen - Vacuüm* - Vacuüm, and heaven will welcome her. The song follows a hopeless poet, with "manuscripts of unpublished rhyme", unsure of his achievements in life. The song At The Zoo - Simon & Garfunkel - Bookends also describes the life and death of the romantic ideal of the American Dream.
Prior to the release of the album, the band helped put together, and performed at, the Monterey Pop Festivalwhich signaled the beginning of the Summer of Love on the West Coast. In Januarythe duo appeared on a Kraft Music Hall special, Three for At The Zoo - Simon & Garfunkel - Bookends performing ten songs largely culled from their third album.
When viewed closely, one can see Avedon's reflection in Simon's irises. Bookends was released by Columbia Records on April 3, It fed off the buzz created by the release of The Graduate soundtrack album ten weeks earlier, creating an initial combined sales figure of over five million units. According to biographer Marc Eliot, Davis was "offended by what he perceived as their lack of gratitude for what he believed was his role in turning them into superstars".
Reviews of Bookends upon its release in were largely positive. Allen Evans of the British publication New Musical Express NME gave the record four out of five stars and called it "inspiring, descriptive music," while noting the album is "Imaginative and at times confusing to know what the composer is getting at, if anything. It is nice enough, and I admit to liking it, but it exudes a sense of process, and it is slick, and nothing too much happens. Later reviews were more positive.
Deusner called Bookends the moment in which the duo "were settling into themselves, losing their folk revival pretensions and emphasizing quirky production techniques to match their soaring vocals". Club called it the group's "most musically and conceptually daring album". Ina line from the song "America"—"All gone to look for America"—began appearing spray-painted on vacant buildings and abandoned factories in the town of SaginawMichiganwhich is mentioned in the song.
A loose group of artists, who eventually became known as "Paint Saginaw", began duplicating the phrase after the city 's population had dwindled vastly, noting that the song now encapsulated a sense of nostalgia for a bygone era among the city 's residents. Garfunkel stated that he was a supporter of Sanders and his campaign, and that the usage of "America" did not take away from the song's original premise. The mono mix was released as a promo issue At The Zoo - Simon & Garfunkel - Bookends radio stations and given a very limited run for commercial sale.
It was out-of-print very soon after release, and as of January has yet to see a digital re-release. Credits for Bookends adapted from AllMusic. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Bookends album redirect. September January and June October — February Robinson " Released: April " America " Released: It was highly spirited.
It was kids Love (Is The Answer) - Four Tops - 50th Anniversary play. It was just a wonder that you were allowed to do this, that two middle-class kids can sign a contract, rehearse and get their talent into the studio, and then find that the entire distribution network is waiting to put out their products.
It was wonderfully simple, sincere, and uncynical. The song makes use of an orchestra, which builds in intensity over the course of the song. Weekly charts [ edit ] Chart Peak position.
Retrieved January 2, The New York Times. Retrieved July 25, Rolling Stone Retrieved May 27, J; Trocco, Frank Harvard University Press. US : Columbia Records. CK The Guardian. Retrieved June 24, April 27, Retrieved January 14, Official Charts Company.
Retrieved May 7, Hung Medien. NME : Melody Maker : Rolling Stone.
Seul - Interpretee Par: Fabien - Moustaki* - Live, Desperately - Various - The Frontier Of Country (Volume Eleven), One Hour Empire - Broadcast - The Future Crayon, Friends Will Be Friends - Queen - Greatest Hits II