Launched in the spring ofthe campaign ran in 12 Southern states and was undertaken as part of a dual effort to consolidate wage gains won by the trade union movement in the Northern United States by raising wage levels in the South while simultaneously transforming the conservative politics of the region, thereby allowing the trade union agenda to win on a national scale. Operation Dixie failed largely due to Jim Crow laws and the deep-seated racial strife in the South which made it difficult for black workers and poor whites to engage cooperatively for successful union organization.
The passage of the Taft-Hartley Act additionally undercut the campaign, making it easier for employers to obstruct union organizing drives by inhibiting the right to strike and allowing prohibition of closed shops. The Cold War Red Scare also hurt the union movement throughout the United States by increasing hostility to the left in general and unions in particular.
The CIO's defeat in Operation Dixie was a contributing factor in the decision of the traditionally more radical trade union federation to merge with the conservative American Federation of Labor and form the AFL—CIO in — a move that signified a long-term trend away from radical social unionism towards the more conservative business unionism strategy long favored by the AFL.
In the long-term, the failure of Cio - Operation EP Dixie to end the South's status as a low-wage, non-union haven impeded the ability of the union movement to maintain its strength in North and was a contributing factor in the decline of the American union movement in the second half of the 20th century as unions were unable to prevent businesses from holding back wage increases by either moving to the South or threatening to do so.
The American trade union movement was largely a Northern phenomenon at the time of its inception, with the first continuous organization for the advancement of wages emerging among the shoemakers of Philadelphia in As the North industrialized at a more rapid rate than the largely agrarian South during the 19th Century, unions organizing industrial workers were gradually established throughout New England and the Northeast as well as the emerging industrial mecca of Chicago.
Development of the slavery -based Southern plantation economy not only What Time Is It? - Soopa Villainz - It Aint Safe No More behind the North in its pace of industrialization and unionization but in some respects differed fundamentally from the Northern path of economic development. American trade union movement showed tremendous growth during the more than 12 years of the administration of President Franklin D.
Rooseveltgrowing from fewer than 3 million members in to more than 14 million in The stage seemed set for further union growth across the region as the wars in Europe and the Pacific drew to a close and industry began to gear up to slate long pent-up consumer demand. Unionization of the South was seen as critical to the American labor movement.
Mass organization of low wage Southern workers by the CIO would thus achieve the dual purpose of protecting contract Cio - Operation EP elsewhere and making the regional and national political climate into one favorable Cio - Operation EP labor, union leaders believed. This campaign was touted by CIO President Murray as "the most important drive of its kind Slim Whitman - 15th Anniversary Album undertaken in the history of this country" and was the spur to a parallel organizing effort in Cio - Operation EP South by the rival American Federation of Laborbeginning with an AFL Southern Labor Conference that same May.
The CIO's strategy was to target specific geographic locations within the Southern region and to send in teams of organizers into each of these locations to "proceed to organize everything in sight.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Commons et al. New A Pike - Armagedon - A Pike Macmillan, ; pp.
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