Recommend Documents. Good communication skills are very important to ones success as an Thus, effective communication in the workplace helps in building loyalty and trust which eventually A management philosophy that encourages the free flow of communication is. The Enneagram in Brief - Enneagram Dimensions The enneagram is a geometric symbol that depicts nine points arranged Four Fixation - Eli Jaxon-Bear - The Enneagram Tapes: The Possibility Of Freedom Handling Guidelines for the Workplace.
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The Wisdom of the Enneagram. Six simple guidelines for introducing new genera Verification of workplace design guidelines for the control room: Can Introducing Guidelines for Good Evaluation Enneagram Wisdom in Action 22 Sep Guidelines to study trades learning in the workplace In the authors' projects, research journals provided an audit trail, recording various data.
Claudio Naranjo and Riso and Hudson have made some useful contributions to the Enneagram theory. Despite a number of publications on the.
Social researcher Paul Ray has observed that in the U. This paper makes a case Corner Of My Heart - Various - Mountain Folk Song Concert using the Enneagram to enhance spirituality in the workplace. The authors, being proponents of action learning, contend that people can learn and change through action.
The Enneagram pronounced any-a-gram is a circle enclosing nine equidistant points connected by nine intersecting lines see Figure 1. Ennea is Greek for nine and gram means drawing. The Enneagram pictorially conveys a system of type classification. It has its roots in ancient spiritual practices of the East. The actual origins of the Enneagram are shrouded in mystery. References in various spiritual texts however indicate that Enneagram has been in use for over two thousand five hundred years.
Untold generations of spiritual seekers in secret brotherhoods are believed to have developed this classification system to hasten the spiritual liberation of their wards. The technique was considered so powerful that its knowledge was zealously guarded lest it fall into wrong hands. More recently, scholarly works by Claudio Naranjo and Riso and Hudson have made some useful contributions to the Enneagram theory. Despite a number of publications on the Enneagram, confusion exists about whether the Enneagram is primarily a psychological system or Four Fixation - Eli Jaxon-Bear - The Enneagram Tapes: The Possibility Of Freedom spiritual one.
To us, this psychological versus spiritual Four Fixation - Eli Jaxon-Bear - The Enneagram Tapes: The Possibility Of Freedom seems misdirected. As Riso points out: Knowing ourselves so that we can transcend ourselves and attain balance and integration is what psychology is about -- while transcending ourselves to make room for the Divine is what spirituality is about.
Both go together and are not at odds with each other. While a full exposition of this complex topic is clearly beyond the scope of any one paper, we make a start in this direction by offering suggestions and exploratory guidelines as to how organizations can effectively use the Enneagram as a tool to facilitate the spiritual needs of their members. Findings of this landmark study indicate that employees who saw their own organizations as being spiritual also viewed them as being better than their less spiritual counterparts on almost every dimension.
They felt they could deploy more of their creativity, emotions and intelligence in the workplace. In other words, according to Mitroff and Dentonorganizations viewed as more spiritual get more from their employees and vice versa.
It was this factor that provided the most meaning and purpose in a job situation. The authors go on to observe that modern civilization might have gone too far in separating spirituality from other elements of life.
It is time to recognize the interconnectedness between spirituality and how people feel about their workplace, for there are obvious benefits in doing so. We contend that Enneagram is precisely the kind of tool that organizations need in the current environment.
Recognition of the interconnectedness between psychological aspects and spirituality is inherent in the Enneagram. It is our conditioned being with which we readily identify. Naranjo cautions 3 us that rather than speaking of essence as a thing, we should think of it as a process, an ego-less, unobscured and free manner of functioning of the integrated human wholeness.
In moving toward essence, we are striving to become a living manifestation of the divinity that lies dormant within each of us. Eli Jaxon-Bear most eloquently presented the distinction between essence, fixation, and personality in his keynote speech on the Enneagram Conference at Stanford University in August Jaxon-Bear would Hymn V.1 - Easy Groove* / Carl Cox - The Dream - The Warehouse Plymouth 26.02.1993 us to visualize three concentric circles see Figure 2.
This comprises of traits, habits, and behavior patterns. The layer below personality, that which makes the manifestation of personality possible, is known as character fixation.
Character fixation is deeper than personality. It arises out of ego and it makes you identify with someone other than who you really are. True character resides at the level of the soul. The qualities of essence are described in the Sufi system of subtle latifas. For instance, One exemplifies perfection, Two personifies love, Catherine The Greats Amazing Contraption - Everything Falls Together - 2002-2005 Three epitomizes creation in their purest form.
But even the latifas do not describe the truth of the soul, which is completely empty of all forms. The inward journey then is to traverse from personality to the realm of truth. It is this travel that characterizes true spirituality. In the postscript to Personality Types, Riso Examples Of A Red Neck - Jerry Clower - Stories Told Funny Hudson write: To face the world and the terrifying insecurity Four Fixation - Eli Jaxon-Bear - The Enneagram Tapes: The Possibility Of Freedom human existence naked and defenseless seems like an overwhelming situation for anyone to be in.
Each type adopts different strategies for inflating the Four Fixation - Eli Jaxon-Bear - The Enneagram Tapes: The Possibility Of Freedom as a defense against being insecure and alone.
By providing an understanding of the basic fears, motivations, passions, and defense system of personality types or, more accurately, character fixationsthe Enneagram can help liberate individuals from the tyranny of their respective numbers. Though a person may have one dominant number, each individual possesses an essence that includes the qualities of all the nine numbers as well as the potential to transcend the limitations that these qualities impose. Individuals must first touch base with other numbers that lie dormant within them if they are to evolve and realize their full potential as humans.
By increasing self-awareness, the Enneagram has the potential to recreate the tapestry of the workplace as woven by love, a truer sense of self, and meaningful relationships. The Enneagram, by uncovering our essence, helps us connect with Providence as defined by us. Applying the Enneagram The ideas behind the Enneagram theory are best grasped intuitively and experientially rather than experimentally.
Accordingly, our guidelines for applying the Enneagram have been informed by theory of action learning. We briefly mention the salient aspects of this theory in order to enable the reader to fully appreciate the rationale behind our guidelines. They further assert that people are generally not aware that the maps they use to take action are not the theories they explicitly espouse.
Espoused theory: The worldview and values people believe their behavior is based on. Theory-in-use: The worldview and values implied by their behavior, or the maps they use to take action. To reiterate, Argyris and Schon suggest that people are unaware that their theories-in-use are often not the same as their espoused theories, and that people are often unaware of their theories-in-use.
This raises the question, if people are unaware of the theories that drive their action theories-in-usehow can they effectively manage their behavior? They obviously cannot. Argyris believes that such effectiveness results from developing congruence between theory-in-use and espoused theory. Argyris, Putnam, and McLain Smith recommend double-loop learning as a method of developing such congruence. Such a learning process often leads to introspection and a change in Four Fixation - Eli Jaxon-Bear - The Enneagram Tapes: The Possibility Of Freedom strategies.
We believe that the Enneagram, when applied in the manner, is likely to prove far more effective in developing congruence between theory-in-use and espoused theory than anything that has thus far been suggested in modern organizational literature.
We are assuming here that readers of this article are familiar with the theoretical underpinnings of the Enneagram. The uninitiated, or those 7 who could use a refresher course, are referred to a comprehensive list of resources available at www. We believe that the best way to facilitate the transmission of the Enneagram in the workplace is to have ten to twelve employees assigned to a mentor competent in Enneagram theory and application. The mentor will educate, counsel, guide, and inspire employees in their spiritual quest up to the stage of introspection.
In this regard, the role of the mentor is that of a modern-day Gurdjieff sans idiosyncrasies. The mentor would initially guide and inform, then coax and cajole, and eventually confront his or her wards as they journey towards selfrealization. The steps suggested below for introducing the Enneagram in the workplace may be classified into three broad and sometimes overlapping categories: 1 Awareness of the Enneagram and oneself, 2 Exercises that transform awareness into early stages of spiritual awakening, and 3 Introspection with its antecedent desire to leave behind a fixation-ridden life.
Awareness Step 1: Provide a Brief Introduction. The introduction should briefly cover aspects that we have discussed in the first three paragraphs of this article. Note that we have avoided a discussion on particular personality traits of the nine types in the initial stage. We believe that doing so at this phase would have the unintended effect of further strengthening the fixation or false identification.
Step 2: Administer Enneagram Questionnaires. We advise that at least two self-diagnosis tests be administered. Records of the results should be maintained both by the employee and the mentor. Step 3: Introduce Number-Specific Types.
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